Bangladesh Nationalist Party BNP

Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) is one of the leading political parties in Bangladesh. The Bangladesh Nationalist Party was formed on 1 September 1978 by President Ziaur Rahman. Ziaur Rahman formed a party called the Nationalist Democratic Party (Jagdal) on the eve of the 1978 presidential election with the intention of demilitarizing his regime. Vice President Justice Abdul Sattar was the convener. When Ziaur Rahman was elected President, especially inspired by the activities of the Nationalist Democratic Party and considering the forthcoming parliamentary elections, he announced the formation of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party on September 1, 1979 at Ramna Maidan in Dhaka. Professor AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury was the first Secretary General of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Ziaur Rahman was its convener.

বাংলাদেশ জাতীয়তাবাদী দল (বিএনপি)  বাংলাদেশের অন্যতম  শীর্ষস্থানীয় রাজনৈতিক দল। ১৯৭৮ সালের ১ সেপ্টেম্বর প্রেসিডেন্ট জিয়াউর রহমান কর্তৃক বাংলাদেশ জাতীয়তাবাদী দল গঠিত হয়। জিয়াউর রহমান তাঁর শাসনকে অসামরিকীকরণের অভিপ্রায়ে ১৯৭৭ সালে রাষ্ট্রপতি নির্বাচনের প্রাক্কালে জাতীয়তাবাদী গণতান্ত্রিক দল (জাগদল) নামে একটি দল গঠন করেন। উপ-রাষ্ট্রপতি বিচারপতি আবদুল সাত্তার ছিলেন এর আহবায়ক। জিয়াউর রহমান রাষ্ট্রপতি নির্বাচিত হলে, বিশেষ করে জাতীয়তাবাদী গণতান্ত্রিক দলের কর্মকান্ডে অনুপ্রাণিত হয়ে এবং আসন্ন জাতীয় সংসদ নির্বাচন বিবেচনায় রেখে ঢাকার রমনা ময়দানে ১৯৭৮ সালের ১ সেপ্টেম্বর বাংলাদেশ জাতীয়তাবাদী দল গঠনের ঘোষণা দেন। অধ্যাপক এ কিউ এম বদরুদ্দোজা চৌধুরী ছিলেন বাংলাদেশ জাতীয়তাবাদী দলের প্রথম মহাসচিব। জিয়াউর রহমান ছিলেন এর আহবায়ক। আরো বিস্তারিত জানতে এখানে ক্লিক করুন এখানে :

Membership The Bangladesh Nationalist Party was born out of a gathering of leaders and activists inspired by the nationalist spirit of almost all the political parties of Bangladesh at that time. In order to build the party as a broad-based nationalist party following the principle of open door, Ziaur Rahman took initiative to form a party consisting of leaders and activists of right wing, left and center ideology. In 1989, 18% of the BNP members elected to the Jatiya Sangsad were from Muslim League, 15% from NAP (Bhasani), 9% from Awami League, 3% from United People’s Party, 2% from Democratic Party, 6% from Chhatra League and Chhatra Union, 6% from other parties. Incoming leaders and activists. 40% were apolitical personalities.

Objectives and Goals The Bangladesh Nationalist Party adopted the 19-point program announced by Ziaur Rahman as the goal for the economic progress of the country, happiness and prosperity of the people, strengthening and preserving state unity. Notable among these are the protection of the country’s independence, integrity and sovereignty; The four principles of the constitution are democracy, faith and trust in Almighty God, nationalism and socialism in the sense of economic and social justice; Building Bangladesh as a self-reliant nation; Prevent population explosion; To make the country self-sufficient in food and to free the people from the curse of poverty; Encourage private enterprise for the economic development of the country; To strengthen the national unity of all citizens irrespective of religion, caste, tribe and nationality.

In short, according to Ziaur Rahman, the main goals of the nationalist party were economic development of Bangladesh, democratic progress, national unity based on Bangladeshi nationalism and a sense of self-reliance among the people. The 19-point program was the basic ideology of the party. The four basic tenets of politics, namely democracy, unwavering faith and trust in Almighty God, nationalism and socialism in the sense of economic and social justice, were the essence of the party’s program.

Background When the Bangladesh Nationalist Party was established as a political party, the nation was often divided. This division was not only based on the political philosophy of right, left or center, it also participated in the liberation war or not, or it became evident as a force for and against the liberation war. This division was not limited to the political arena, but extended to the national level. In fact, it spreads among students, teachers, professionals, intellectuals, cultural activists, and even administrative officials. It also has an impact on the military. One of the aims of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party was to bridge the gap and unite the warring factions, factions and social forces so that the whole nation could function as a single entity.

From its inception, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party started its activities mainly for the purpose of building consensus at the national level. Instead of pursuing a policy of post-independence government in Bangladesh, especially Bangladesh-oriented Bangladesh and establishing friendly relations with other countries in the international arena, it started pursuing a policy of globalization by avoiding close involvement with the Indo-Soviet axis. Many have called this policy a “neutral” and “independent” foreign policy.

Organizational Structure The constitution of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party states that this party will be organized from the primary level of the country i.e. from the village to the national level. The party has an 11-member standing committee at the highest level. The members will be appointed by the chairman of the party. Below this is the National Executive Committee. The number of members of the National Executive Committee is 140. Below it are 75 district committees. The district committee has a large number of committees at the union and ward level. All these committees will be formed in the democratic process.

The party took the initiative to expand the party to the remote areas of the country in order to make the Bangladesh Nationalist Party popular among the people of Bangladesh. Its support base extends from the center to districts, upazilas, unions, and even villages. Besides, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party also has various allied fronts. Nationalist student party, nationalist youth party, nationalist women’s party, nationalist volunteer party, nationalist peasant party, nationalist workers’ party are notable in this case. At first these organizations were part of the nationalist party. At present these are the affiliates of the main party.

The team is relatively new. It was led by a lot of young and middle-aged people. So it has a lot of appeal to young people. The country’s businessmen and industrialists are also attracted to this group for involving private enterprises in trade and commerce. As a result of the establishment of national unity and the pursuit of an independent foreign policy, the country’s intelligentsia has been attracted to the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. The country also has a large number of scholars and ulama in support of Islamic values. The support base of this party is as strong in rural as it is in strong urban areas.

The success of the party The Bangladesh Nationalist Party has achieved a lot. Ziaur Rahman’s efforts paved the way for multi-party democracy in Bangladesh. In order to make democracy effective, the field of freedom of press was created in the country. The beginning of professionalism in the armed forces of the country began to be felt and effective anew. New programs are being adopted to establish national unity. In order to revive the national economy, private enterprises are closely involved in the production system. New horizons are opening up in international relations. The beginning of the establishment of mutual cooperation in South Asia was also during this period.

On 3 June 1987, Ziaur Rahman was elected President of Bangladesh. When President Ziaur Rahman was assassinated in a failed coup in Chittagong on 30 May 1971, Justice Abdus Sattar was elected President of Bangladesh on 15 November 1971 as a candidate of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. In the general elections of 26 February 1991, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party emerged as the single majority party with 140 seats under the leadership of Begum Khaleda Zia, wife of Ziaur Rahman and formed the government. In the general elections held on 1 October 2001, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party won 193 out of 300 seats and returned to power. After the June 12, 1996 elections, the BNP leader played the role of Leader of the Opposition in Parliament. In the general elections of the ninth parliament held on December 29, 2008, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party was very upset. It is playing a role in the National Assembly as an opposition party by winning 30 out of 300 seats. [Emajuddin Ahmed]
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